下田について

History of Shimoda

Perry comes to Japan.

Perry left the east coast of the US (Norfolk) to head for Japan, 11/24 of 1852. The west coast was being explored and whale fishing had become prominent in the US at that time. They were very much interested in Japan. Perry originally planned to come to Japan with 12 large boats, but with difficulties in maintaining them and scheduling them, he decided to head to Japan in a navy steamboat called the Mississippi. he left with a group of 4 large boats. From the east coast of the US, he went south of the Indian sea, then stopped by at Kanton in China, and then to Japan. He made a stop at Okinawa Ogasawara islands too. it was 7/8 of 1853.

Japan-US Treaty of Peace and Amity

Perry gave the documents asking Japan to open its ports written by the US president to Japan at Kurihama, and promised to come back the next year and left for Shanghai once. He came back January of 1854, and the treaty was signed March 31. The opening of ports, the safety of American people, and trade were promised.

Perry comes to Shimoda

Many ships from the Perry crew came into Shimoda after its port openings. It is told the Americans and Perry loved the beautiful scenery of Shimoda. Perry was impressed to see the city’s sewage system with sewage lines prepared separately on the sides of rivers. They couldn’t believe they saw systems that only exist in urban cities in the US in a small town like Shimoda.

The Japan-Shimoda treaty and Ryosenji

Perry, who came into Japan, immediately started his talks with Japan. The talks were carried in Ryosenji. After a 10-day back and forth, the nichibeitsu—— was made in this land. In this, the Americans attained a right to walk around the land of Shimoda as they please. The Free-Walk-Rights. The people of Shimoda and the People of America made a big step towards exchanging culture here. Concerts were performed aimed at Shimoda people performed by the American navy. These were the first western concerts performed in Japan.

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